Useful Facts about Criminal Justice Majors

criminal justice

The purpose of criminal justice majors is for students to learn about the systems that are established by governments so that crime offenders are apprehended, arrested, prosecuted and then punished and social order is preserved. The courses are chosen so that students can understand both crime and justice and how the justice system works.

The major will equip students with knowledge of what the origins of criminal behavior are, of how a police unit is administrated, crime laboratory technology, probation, parole and corrections and theory on criminal justice. The criminal justice major also aims to determine students to think critically about the balance between public order and individual freedoms and rights. Students can choose the area of criminal justice they want to focus on, for example they could choose law enforcement, homeland security or forensic science.

The field of criminal justice is a highly interdisciplinary one, intersecting with psychology, sociology, natural sciences, computer science and communication. Courses that might be taught as part of the Criminal Justice major could be some of the following: Criminology, Survey of Criminal Courts, Police & Society, Prisons and Prisoners, Criminal Procedure, Juvenile Justice, Criminal Justice Research Methods, Quantitative Methods in Psychology, Law and Politics, Computer Analysis of Social Science Data, Eyewitness Testimony and others.

The courses vary a lot from institution to institution. There are many baccalaureate programs that encourage or even require students to take part in internships in criminal justice setting for course credit.

Criminal justice graduates have a wide range of careers to choose from:

  • Police officer (the higher ranks)
  • Correctional officer
  • Parole or probation officer
  • Crime analyst
  • Crime prevention specialist
  • Legal research assistant
  • Court coordinator
  • Border patrol agent
  • Detective
  • Paralegal
  • Court reporter
  • Fish and game warden
  • Lawyer

Some of these jobs require further training or education aside from the criminal justice major, while others do not necessarily require the major, but having the degree ensures higher chances of advancing in job position.

Will you find the criminal justice major to be difficult?

The answer is very subjective, as it depends on your abilities and ideals in life. What are you generally interested in? Do you want a criminal justice degree just because your friends are aiming at one too? Because of TV ads? These might not be the best reasons for attending the criminal justice major, but some of the following could be:

  • You are interested in the problems faced by society.
  • You are an analytical person and enjoy digging deeper into a problem in order to find proper answers and solutions.
  • You like working with people.
  • You are interested in what is right and in social order

Aside from the Criminal Justice major, what other majors are related to the field of criminal justice?

The following majors are also closely linked to the field of criminal justice:

  • Corrections – students learn theories and principles of correctional science and prepare to become correctional officers or occupy other jobs in incarceration facilities.
  •  Corrections Administration – students are being prepared to plan and administrate facilities where offenders are housed for rehabilitation, be they private or public institutions.
  • Criminal Justice and Corrections – correctional sciences are studied for becoming a correctional officer or holding another position within an incarceration facility
  • Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration – students learn to apply theories and practices of organization administration and criminal justice to agencies in the law enforcement field.
  • Criminal Justice/Police Science – this program aims to prepare students in performing duties specific to police and public security officers.
  • Criminal Justice/Safety Studies – the program has the criminal justice system in focus, with its organizational components and activities and also its legal and public policy contexts.

All in all, as you can see, you have many choices, all very rewarding, even though none a piece of cake. If you are properly motivated, then you probably will not find the challenges posed by such a major to be too difficult.

 

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Regina Criminal Defense Lawyers: How Much Is a Proper Defense Worth?

criminal defense attorneys

Although most Regina criminal lawyers are considered to be some of the best in the province of Saskatchewan, many people still tend to choose the attorneys they hire based on the fees they require.

These fees may differ, and some attorneys provide more affordable services than others; however, as you will likely find, the difference between a quality service and one that is not up to par with the best recommendations can be quite a debilitating problem if your case is more complicated, requiring the insight of a real law expert.

Discussions Related to Criminal Lawyer Fees

In case you believe that the fees you need to pay for the services of a criminal defense lawyer in Regina may be too big, there are a few important things you need to know about before dismissing a more qualified lawyer just because he’s asking for a larger fee:

  • When it comes to criminal defense cases, there is far too much at stake to gamble with a less qualified lawyer. You need an attorney who can ensure that your interests and rights are fully protected and that you have the best chances of getting through your trial without being convicted.
  • In the case of a criminal trial, you don’t just pay for the services that a lawyer provides you with. The attitude, approach, compassion and experience that a good lawyer can provide are key benefits that you won’t find anywhere else.
  • While you’re paying for an attorney’s experience and skill, the fees you provide are also based on the difficulty of your case, covering the time and effort spent on researching various defense strategies.

How Regina Criminal Defense Attorneys Protect Your Rights

Even though some believe that the fees required by criminal defense lawyers are too demanding, the fact remains that the value of even just getting some insight on the charges brought against you and the rights and options that the law allows you to retain can be an invaluable asset.

If you’ve been accused of serious violence offenses, DUI and motor vehicle offenses, income tax violations or anything else that may qualify as a criminal offense in the province of Saskatchewan, reputable lawyers based in Regina whose preferred area of practice is one of these criminal defense branches can help you in many different ways.

They can provide assistance with bail hearings, trials and preliminary hearings, and they will be with you every step of the way until the sentence hearing and beyond, appealing for the reduction of your sentence and the resolution of your case.

Also, if you’ve been charged with 1st, 2nd or 3rd offense DUI charges, the specialized DUI lawyers in Regina will be the best persons qualified to help you get a better result by using their extensive knowledge of the laws in Saskatchewan.

Criminal cases are some of the most widely discussed and controversial cases in Canada, and if you truly want to avoid facing hefty fines and long periods of jail time, the efforts made by some of the most reputable criminal defense attorneys in Regina are more than worth the expense of the fees involved.

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Penalties and Consequences for a DUI

driving under the influence

What is DUI?

DUI stands for “driving under the influence” or, in other, words drunken driving. This means driving while having blood levels of alcohol above the legal limit, limit that in Canada is of 0.8%. Of course, driving while under the influence of alcohol is illegal because of the great number of accidents in which drivers who had consumed alcoholic drinks were involved. DUI also refers to having consumed illegal drugs and driving while impaired by them. 

What are the consequences of drinking and driving? 

consequences of dui

Under the BC Motor Vehicle Act, for concentrations under 0.08:

  • If you drink and drive, the BC Motor Vehicle Act firstly says that you can get an immediate roadside prohibition (IRP). This means that, if the police have probable grounds to consider that your capacity to drive is impacted by alcohol or drugs, then you may get prohibition from driving and lose your car right away.

For a first offence of such – and the blood level must be between 0.05 and 0.08 – you can get a three-day driving prohibition, three-day impoundment of vehicle, you will pay impound and towing fees, a $200 penalty and a license reinstatement fee of $250. The second and third offences are more severely punished.

  • 24-hour prohibition from driving and vehicle impoundment – Again, if there are reasonable and probable grounds for the police to think that you are unable to drive due to alcohol or drugs, you can be imposed not to drive for 24 hours and your vehicle can be impounded. Your blood alcohol concentration (BAC) needn’t be tested and the prohibition will go on your driving record.
  • If you are a new driver, learner or novice, you will get a 12-hour suspension (a breath test must be taken) and you have to start your stage again. For BAC over 0.05 the consequences are the same as with more experienced drivers.
  • ingnition interlock deviceThere are cases where an ignition interlock device will be required. Such a device requires a breath sample of yours so that you can start the car.
  • You might have higher insurance costs.

Driving with a blood alcohol level of above 0.08 is a criminal offence, meaning that the Canadian Criminal Code deals with it. Being charged with DUI means that you will be going to court. There, the Crown will attempt to prove beyond reasonable doubt that your capacity to drive was affected by alcohol or by a drug, legal or illegal.

If you are convicted for a first offence, the minimum fine will be of $1000 and you will be prohibited from driving for one and up to three years. A second offence also comes with a minimum of 30 days in jail and with a longer driving prohibition. Having killed someone is always a sentence to jail. Higher insurance premiums will also be requested.

Get counselling

If you are charged with DUI, then a DUI attorney can help establish if there is any defence you can use, if a plea bargain can be arranged and advise you on how to plead. The possible legal defences are quite technical, that is more reason to be counselled by a professional. Of course, after these initial steps, he or she can represent you in court and you will most likely appreciate the help.

 

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Don’t Choose Just Any Criminal Attorney

How To Find A Criminal Lawyer

Unfortunately in life we sometimes have to do the unexpected. Finding a criminal lawyer would definitely fit into that category. It could be that either you or someone near to you have been charged with a crime and need a lawyer. It is then necessary to find a find a criminal lawyer that can do the very best for you given the situation.

Finding a criminal lawyer can be overwhelming. You often have no idea where to start. Sometimes friends and family can come up with the name of a lawyer and even if he does not do criminal cases, he will likely be able to recommend someone who does. Otherwise there may be lawyers that can help who are in the vicinity of the police station where you are.

The internet also can provide a list of lawyers. There are websites like justcharged.com which are helpful and list defense lawyers by their location in the country.

Everyone nowadays knows that it is important to talk to a lawyer before you let yourself be interrogated by police officers. This is simply because anything you say without your lawyer being present, can be used against you. Although if you are innocent of charges against you, most of us would want to claim our innocence to the police officers. While this is a natural reaction, please proceed with caution. Wait for your lawyer before you talk to anyone. Your lawyer is there for you and this is his area of expertise, not yours.

You could be in need of a criminal lawyer if you have been arrested for a crime. This could be against a person (for example, assault and battery or much worse, rape or murder) or against property, which includes shoplifting, burglary or even arson. It could be a drug related crime with either drug possession or drug dealing.

Criminal lawyers are experts in these areas and they deal with such cases on a regular basis. They have gone to law school for many years and then learnt their trade the hard way, putting their theories into practice through long hours until they are truly experts at what they do. They know their way around the judicial system and they know the people involved, like police officers, clerks of the court and judges.

If you have the option of interviewing several criminal lawyers before you decide on one, then that is a good strategy. Sometimes this isn’t possible but it is important that you feel comfortable with the person who will represent you in court. You will have to tell him or her lots of your personal information and possibly admit to things you wouldn’t like your family to know. Another sign to look for is how interested is this lawyer in helping you solve your current predicament? He might be over enthusiastic or, at the other end of the scale, he could be downright blasé about the whole scenario.

You need someone who takes you very seriously and who gives you confidence that he will do his very best for you. He is your go to person between you and the rest of the world in this regard so choose wisely. Let your gut be a good judge as well. Sometimes we just have a good feeling about someone. On the other hand, we don’t want to watch baseball with this guy, we want him to do a great job on our behalf. The lawyer should give a professional air and also know what he is talking about.

Another factor about choosing a lawyer is the cost involved. Some lawyers charge by the hour and some have flat fees. Is it possible for the lawyer to give you a fair estimate of the cost of the case you are involved in? Experience lawyers should be able to give an ‘over the thumb’ estimate.

Also, remember you need access to your lawyers at all times. Where is he located? Is this convenient given the situation? You don’t want to be driving from one end of the city to the other to see your lawyer.

So if you do find yourself in the unfortunate situation where you need a criminal lawyer, remember to talk to him or her before you talk to anyone else. He is the expert and most likely you are not, so you need the lawyer to help to guide you through the whole process.

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